Comprehensive legislation is fundamental for an effective and coordinated response to Violence Against Women (VAW). Under international law states have a direct commitment to enact, implement and monitor legislation addressing all forms of VAW.

The states obligation of adopting and enforcing national laws to address and criminalise all forms of violence against women and girls, in line with international human rights standards, is one of the five key outcomes of the “United Nations Secretary-General’s Campaign UNiTE by 2030 to End Violence against Women ”.

Over the past two decades, many states have adopted or revised legislation on violence against women. However, significant gaps remain. This report aims to assess the current Sudanese legislative framework in combating VAW. Moreover, it aims to conduct this assessment in light of the international laws on which the Sudanese legislative framework is predicated.

Furthermore, this report intends to provide all stakeholders with detailed guidance to support the adoption and effective implementation of legislation in Sudan which prevents VAW, punishes perpetrators, and ensures the rights of survivors.

It is specifically hoped that the report will be of use to government officials, parliamentarians, civil society, staff of international organisations and other actors in their efforts towards ensuring that solid legal foundations are in place for tackling the scourge of violence against women in Sudan.

Given the expansive nature of the topic and its significance, the report provides an opportunity to consolidate understandings of the current legislative status of VAW, in addition, the report proposes a number of recommendations to further develop the Sudanese legislative framework in order to better combat VAW. The expansive coverage by the mandate and the complexity of the subject matter make it difficult to undertake a comprehensive review—and this exercise does not aim to do so. Rather, it is selective in terms of its focus on the legislative status of the Sudanese laws in Sudan and how it can be further developed to be compatible with international standards.

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